Haryana State Board HBSE 10th Class English Solutions Application Writing Exercise Questions and Answers.
Haryana Board 10th Class English Application Writing
प्रार्थना-पत्र एवं पत्र लिखने के नियम
1. प्रार्थना-पत्र एवं पत्र लिखते समय निम्नलिखित बातों का ध्यान रखना चाहिए
(a) प्रार्थना-पत्र एवं पत्र को सदा सरल भाषा में लिखना चाहिए।
(b) प्रार्थना-पत्र एवं पत्र में विषय-संबंधी आवश्यक बातें ही लिखनी चाहिएँ। बेकार की या इधर-उधर की बातों का पत्रों में कोई स्थान नहीं होता।
(c) प्रार्थना-पत्र एवं पत्र जहाँ तक हो सके संक्षिप्त हो तथा उसमें पत्र-लेखक के विचार या उद्देश्य स्पष्ट व्यक्त किए जाने चाहिएँ।
(d) प्रार्थना-पत्र एवं पत्र लिखते समय यह ध्यान रखना चाहिए कि पत्र किसे लिखा जा रहा है। पत्र की भाषा एवं शैली पर उचित ध्यान देना चाहिए।
(e) अभद्र एवं कठोर भाषा का प्रयोग कभी नहीं करना चाहिए।
(f) भिन्न-भिन्न विचारों को, स्पष्टता के लिए अलग-अलग Paragraphs में लिखना चाहिए।
2. पत्रों के प्रकार पत्र मुख्यतः निम्नलिखित तीन प्रकार के होते हैं-
(a) Business Letters (व्यापार संबंधी पत्र)
(b) Official Letters (सरकारी या कार्यालयों संबंधी पत्र) तथा Applications (प्रार्थना-पत्र)
(c) Private (निजी) या Personal (व्यक्तिगत) Letters.
3. प्रार्थना-पत्र तथा पत्र के भाग-एक प्रार्थना-पत्र तथा पत्र के निम्नलिखित भाग हैं-
(a) THE HEADING :
इसमें पत्र भेजने वाले का पता एवं तिथि होते हैं। इसे पत्र के बाएँ हाथ की ओर रखा जाता है। जैसे-
March 8, ……
(i) पते के सभी भागों को Commas द्वारा अलग-अलग दिखाना चाहिए।
(ii) तिथि के अंत में Full Stop लगाना चाहिए।
(ii) तिथि को प्रायः निम्नलिखित में से किसी एक प्रकार से लिख सकते हैं
May 7, ………. या 7th May, ………..
(b) THE INSIDE ADDRESS :
व्यक्तिगत पत्रों को छोड़कर अन्य पत्रों में The Heading के पश्चात पत्र के पाने वाले का पता लिखा जाता है। इसे बाएँ हाथ की ओर लिखा जाता है। प्रार्थना-पत्रों में पाने वाले के Address से पहले वाली पंक्ति में ‘To’ भी लिखा जाता है।
(c) THE SALUTATION :
इसका अर्थ है-संबोधन।
(i) Business Letters, Official Letters तथा Applications में प्रायः ‘Dear Sir’ या ‘Sir’ या ‘Dear Sirs’ आदि लिखा जाता है।
(ii) व्यक्तिगत पत्रों का संबोधन पत्र-लेखक और पत्र को पाने वाले के संबंध पर निर्भर करता है। मित्रों को प्रायः ‘Dear + नाम का प्रथम भाग’ या ‘My dear + नाम के प्रथम भाग से संबोधित किया जाता है।
(iii) संबंधियों को प्रायः ‘Dear + रिश्ता (संबंध) या ‘My dear + रिश्ता (संबंध)’ आदि से संबोधित किया जाता है।
(iv) औपचारिक (Formal) पत्रों में Dear Mr Sethi आदि लिखा जाता है, अर्थात ‘Dear Mr Ramesh Chand Sethi” आदि नहीं लिखा जाता।
(d) THE BODY :
यह पत्र का सबसे महत्त्वपूर्ण भाग है। इसी भाग में पत्र लेखक अपने विचार या उद्देश्य व्यक्त करता है। ध्यान रखना चाहिए कि एक प्रमुख विचार या उद्देश्य को एक Paragraph में लिखना चाहिए। आवश्यकतानुसार पत्र में एक से अधिक Paragraph भी हो सकते हैं।
(e) THE SUBSCRIPTION
पत्र के अंत को Subscription कहा जाता है। इसके लिए निम्नलिखित बातें ध्यान में रखना सहायक रहेगा-
(i) संबंधियों एवं मित्रों को लिखे जाने वाले पत्रों में
Your sincere friend.
Your loving son/daughter/father etc.
Your affectionate father/brother/mother etc.
Yours very sincerely
Yours very truly, आदि का प्रयोग करें।
(ii) औपचारिक पत्रों में Yours truly/Yours very truly/Yours faithfully/Yours respectfully/Yours obediently आदि का प्रयोग करें।
(iii) किसी संपादक के नाम लिखे पत्र में Yours truly या ‘Yours etc.’ का प्रयोग करें।
(f) THE SIGNATURE (हस्ताक्षर)
हस्ताक्षर में Mr या Miss या Professor या Dr. आदि शब्दों का प्रयोग न करें।
1. For Full Fee Concession
Write an application to the Principal of your school requesting him to grant you full fee concession.
Govt. High School
Subject: Full fee concession.
I am a student of the IXth class of your school. My father is a salesman in a private company. His salary is very small. He has a large family to support. So he cannot pay my school fee.
I am good at studies. Last year, I topped the class in the annual examination. I am the captain of my school cricket team.
You are requested to kindly grant me full fee concession.
Yours obediently Amarjeet
May 10, 20 ……….
Word-Meanings : Salary (सैलरी) = वेतन; support (सपोर्ट) = पलना; topped (टॉप) = प्रथम आया।
2. For Remission of Fine
Write an application to the Principal of your school, for the remission of fine.
Arya High School
Subject: Remission of fine.
I am a student of the IX class of your school. Our English teacher gave us a test on Monday. I could not take the test as I was ill on that day. The teacher has fined me twenty rupees.
I am good at English. I have always got good marks in English. I never avoid taking test. If I had been well on that day, I would have taken the test. I am willing to take the test any time.
You are requested to kindly remit the fine. I shall always be thankful to you.
February 13,20 …………..
Word-Meanings : Remission (रिमिशन) = माफी; avoid (अवॉयड) = बचना।
3. Application for Change of Section
Write an application to the Principal of your School, requesting him to change your section.
Arya Senior Secondary School
Subject: Change of section.
With due respect, I wish to state that I am a student of IX-C of your school. All the other students of my colony study in section B. So we cannot do our home work together.
So, I request you to kindly change my section from C to B.
I shall be very thankful to you.
May 10, 20 …………
Word-Meanings : Change (चेंज) = बदलना; homework (होमवर्क) = घर का काम
4. Application for The Arrangement of Drinking Water
Write an application to the Headmaster for making arrangements for drinking water in the school.
Jain High School
Subject: Arrangement of drinking water.
With due respect, I wish to state that there is no proper arrangement for drinking water in the school. There is only one tap for drinking water. It is summer season. Students get thirsty very soon. During the recess, there is a lot of rush at the tap. Some students have to remain thirsty.
You are requested to make proper arrangement for drinking water. There should be at least three or four water taps.
March 21, 20 ……….
Word-Meanings : Arrangements (अरेंजमेन्ट्स) = इतजाम; proper (प्रॉपर) = उचित; tap (टैप) = नल; season = मौसम
5. Application about Bad Condition of Toilets
You are Ritu. Your sister is studying in Govt. Girls Sen. Sec. School, ABC. During a visit of the school you saw the toilets in a very dirty condition. Write an application to the Principal drawing the attention pointing out about the foul smell emitting out of the toilets and the vulgar language written on the walls.
10th November, 20………..
Govt. Girls Sr. Sec. School
Subject: Complaint about bad condition of toilets.
With due respect I am to submit that my younger sister, Situ, is a student of IX-A class in your school. Yesterday, I had to visit my sister’s class teacher in the school. When I was passing from near the toilets a very foul smell was felt by my nose. It was such a bad smell that one could not breath there even for a little time. When I looked towards the toilets, I was pained to see that a vulgar language was written on the walls of the toilets.
Sir, I request you to do the needful to improve the miserable condition of the toilets keeping in mind the health issues of the students. Please make arrangement of proper cleaning of the toilets.
Word-Meanings : Foul (‘फ़ाउल) = बदबूदार, pain (पैन) = दर्द या पीड़ा; vulgar(वलगर) = अशिष्ट
6. Application for The School Leaving Certificate
Write ah application to the Headmaster of your school, requesting him to issue to you a school leaving certificate.
Govt. High School
Subject: School leaving certificate.
With due respect, I wish to state that I am a student of X-A class of your school. My father is a government officer. He has been transferred to Ludhiana. I cannot stay at here alone. I shall have to take admission at Ludhiana.
You are requested to issue me my school leaving certificate. I have cleared all the dues.
I shall be highly thankful to you for this.
March 8, 20……….
Word-Meanings : Transfer (ट्रांसफर ) = तबतला; stay (स्टे) = रहना
7. Application for School Uniforms and Free Text Books
Write an application to the Principal of your school, requesting him to give you the school uniform and text books free. Give reasons.
Govt. Higher Secondary School
Subject: School uniform and free text books.
With due respect, I wish to state that I am a student of X class of your school. 1 belong to a poor family. My father is a peon in an office. His salary is only five thousand rupees per month. My father cannot afford to buy school uniform and text books for me. I am a good student of the school. I always stand first in the class. I am in the good books of the teachers. You are requested to buy uniform and books for me from the school fund or from the Red Cross fund.
I shall be highly thankful to you for this.
Word-Meanings : Uniform (यूनिफार्म) = वर्दी; afford (अफोर्ड) = वाहन करना।
8. Application for Leave for Mother’s Illness
Write an application to the Headmaster for leave of absence for one week on account of your mother’s illness. .
D.A.V High School
Subject: Leave for mother’s illness.
With due respect, I wish to state that I am a student of class X-E of your school. My mother is suffering from fever. Her condition is serious. My father is not at home. He has gone on a tour. 1 am the only daughter of my parents. So I have to look after my mother.
You are requested to grant me leave for one week from 14th February to 20th February.
1 shall be thankful to you.
February 14, 20………
Word-Meanings : Absence (अबसेेँसा) = अनुपस्थिति; look after (लुक आफ्टर। ) = देखाभला करना।
9. Application for An Educational Tour
You are Deepika of GS.S. School, X.Y.Z. Write an application to the Principal of your school on behalf of your classmates, requesting him/her to organise an educational tour to Pilani museum.
7th March, 20………
Subject: Regarding organising an educational tour to Pilani Museum.
With due respect on behalf of the 1 Oth class students I wish to request your goodself to arrange an educational tour to Pilani Museum. Forty students of our class are willing to go on this tour. They have even got the written consent of their parents. Our science teachers Mr. N.K. Das and Mrs. P. Kamat are also ready to go with us. Madam, this education tour will be highly helpful in our studies. It will give us a big practical knowledge. So your goodself is humbly requested to make an arrangement of this tour at the earliest.
Word-Meanings : Arrange (अरेंज) = इंतजाम करना। educational(एज्यूकेशनल) = शेक्षिक।
10. For Character Certificate by Post
Write a letter to the Principal asking him to send you a character certificate by post.
118, Jain Colony
Govt. Senior Secondary School
Subject: Character pertificate by post.
I am an old student of your school. I have passed class X from your school. Now I wish to apply for the job of a clerk in a private firm. So, I need a character certificate from you. I studied in your school from 2004 to 2006. 1 appeared in X class examination in March, 2006. I got 1st division in the examination. During my stay at school, I took part in all the social and literary activities of the school. I was the captain of the school cricket team in 2005.1 also took part in drama.
You are requested to kindly send me the character certificate by post.
6th January, 20…………
Word-Meanings : Apply (अप्लाई) = आवेदन देना; social (सेशल) = सामाजिक; literary = (लिटरेरी) = साहित्यका; activities (एक्टिविटीज) = गतिविधयाँ।
11. To organise a Programme for teaching Road Safety Rules
You are Komal of GLS.S.S. X.Y.Z. Write an application to your principal to organise a programme for teaching Road Safety rules with the help of traffic police, Haryana.
The Principal G.S.S.S.
Subject: Regarding programme for teaching Road Safety Rules.
With due respect, I wish to submit to your goodself to organise a programme for teaching Road Safety rules with the help of traffic police, Haryana. Sir, today a lot of accidents are taking place even. Involving the students due to the ignorance of Road Safety rules. Students are the frequent users of the roads. If they are fully aware about road safety rules, there will be less accidents. So awareness about road safety rules is very much necessary for the students. So, your goodself is requested to organise such a programme in our school.
7th May, 20………..
Word-Meanings : Organise (और्गनाईज) = आयोजन करना; ignorance (इग्नॉरंस) = अज्ञानता; frequent (फ्रीक्वेन्ट्र) = अधिक; aware (अवेअर्य) = सावधान ।
12. Application For Sick Leave
Suppose you are Anupa Sayal, studying in Atam Public School, Kurukshetra. You are ill. Write an application to your Principal requesting him to grant you sick leave for four days.
The Principal Atam Public School
Subject: Sick leave for four days.
With due respect, I wish to state that I am a student of X-B at your school. I am suffering from high fever. The doctor says that it is malaria. He says that it will take three or four days to recover. He had advised me to take rest for a further period of three days after recovery. You are therefore, requested to kindly grant me sick leave for four days.
Roll No. 49
September 25, 20………..
Word-Meanings : Suffering (सफरिंग) = कष्ट; recovery (रिक्वरी) $=$ ठीक होना; period (पीरियड) = अवधि।
13. Application For Special Coaching Classes
You are Ajay of Gurugram. Write an application to the Principal of your school requesting him to arrange for special coaching classes for you in English. Give reasons why you want it.
S.D. Sr. Sec. School
Subject: Arrangement for special coaching classes.
Most respectfully I wish to submit before your goodself a big problem of X-A class. Sir, as you are well aware that our english teacher Mr P. Saxena is on leave for the last two months. So we have no regular teacher in this subject for all this period. Our syllabus is far behind for this subject. The annual examinations are drawing near. Sir, it will put a very adverse effect on our result. Therefore, you are requested to arrange special coaching class in english after the school hours. All the students of our class are willing to attend these classes. Any teacher of english is acceptable to us.
December 20, 20………
Word-Meanings : Arrange (अरेंज) = प्रबंध करना; adverse (एडवस) = विपरीत/प्रतिकूल; effect (इफेक्ट) = प्रभाव।