HBSE 9th Class English Grammar Suffixes

Haryana State Board HBSE 9th Class English Solutions Grammar Suffixes Exercise Questions and Answers.

Haryana Board 9th Class English Grammar Suffixes

A suffix is a letter or a group of letters that is usually added onto the end of words to change it into a new word.
boy + s = boys
play + ed = played
sing + ing = singing
kind + ness = kindness
general + ly = generally
appoint + ment = appointment
cash + less = cashless

HBSE 9th Class English Grammar Suffixes

List of Suffixes :

1. er – train + er = trainer, teach + er = teacher, preach + er = preacher
2. or – protect + or = protector
3. ness – kind + ness – kindness
4. less – cash + less = cashless
5. al – refuse + al = refusal
6. age – parent + age = parentage
7. dom – free + dom = freedom
8. ee – employ + ee = employee
9. ess – lion + ess = lioness
10. est – tall + est = tallest
11. fy – beauty + fy = beautify
12. hood – child + hood = childhood
13. ian – India + ian = Indian
14. full – house + full = houseful
15. en – light + en = lighten
16. es – bench + es = benches
17. s – toy + s = toys
18. ing – swim + ing = swimming
19. ty – able + ity = ability
20. al – nation + al = national
21. ism – ideal + ism – idealism
22. ation – inform + ation – information
23. ial – judge + ial – judicial
24. ian – library + ian = librarian
25. etic – energy + etic = energetic
26. ial – finance + ial = financial

HBSE 9th Class English Grammar Suffixes

Rule 1.
When the suffix ‘full’ is added to a word one l’ is removed. यदि किसी शब्द के साथ ‘full’ का प्रयोग suffix के रूप में किया जाता है तो नए शब्द में full का एक ‘l’ हटा देते हैं;
house + full = houseful
faith + full = faithful

Rule 2.
जिस शब्द के साथ ‘full’ suffix के रूप में प्रयोग होता है, यदि उसके अन्त में ‘Ir लगा है तो उसमें भी एक ‘ हटा देते हैं;

skill + full = skilful
will + full = wilful

Rule 3.
दो या तीन syllables वाला शब्द जो single vowel + single consonant ध्वनि से समाप्त होता है तो उसके साथ ‘ed’ और ‘ing’ की suffix लगाते हैं तो अंतिम consonant को Double कर देते हैं;

pennit + ed = permitted
occur + ed = occured
control + ed = controlled
swim + ing = swimming
begin + ing = beginning

HBSE 9th Class English Grammar Suffixes

Rule 4.
यदि शब्द के अन्त में ” लगा है और उससे पहले vowel लगा है तो उसके साथ vowel से शुरू होने वाली suffix लगाते समय ! को double कर देते हैं;

signal + ing = signalling
signal + ed = signalled
repel + ent – repellent
quarrel + ed = quarrelled
travel + er = traveller

Rule 5.
यदि शब्द के अन्त में silent ‘e’ लगा हो तो उसके अन्त में vowel से शुरू होने वाली suffix लगाते समय ‘ए’ को हटा देते हैं;
smoke + ing = smoking
hope + ing = hoping
live + ed = lived
drive + er = driver
tire + ing = tiring

Rule 6.
लेकिन यदि suffix किसी consonant से शुरू होती है तो ” को नहीं हटाते,

hope + full = hopeful
sincere + ly = sincerely
लेकिन *
true + ly = truly
nine + th = ninth
argue + ment = argument

HBSE 9th Class English Grammar Suffixes

Rule 7.
यदि वाक्य के अन्त में ‘y’ लगा है और उससे पहले consonant लगा है तो suffix लगाते समय ” को ” में बदल देते हैं;

happy + ly = happily
carry + ed = carried
marry + age = marriage
beauty + full = beautiful
लेकिन *
marry + ing = marrying

Rule 8.
यदि अंत में लगे ” से पहले vowel लगा है तो ‘ को नहीं हटाते;

play + ing = playing
play + ed = played
pray + er = prayer
pray + ed = prayed

HBSE 9th Class English Grammar Suffixes

Rule 9.
जब ‘ce’ से समाप्त होने वाले वाक्य के साथ ‘ous’ suffix का प्रयोग किया जाता है तो ‘ce’ में लगे ” को ” में बदल देते हैं;

space + ous = spacious
grace + ous = gracious
malice + ous = malicious
vice + ous = vicious

Rule 10.
जब ‘ie’ से समाप्त होने वाले शब्द के अन्त में ‘ing’ suffix लगाते हैं तो ‘ie’ को ‘y’ में बदल देते हैं

lie + ing = lying
tie + ing = tying
die + ing = dying

HBSE 9th Class English Grammar Suffixes

Exercise

Make new words using suffixes :
1. Great + full
2. Sincere + ly
3. Gamble + ing
4. Cry + ed
5. Try + ing
6. Jump + ed
7. Stop + irig
8. Face + ing
9. Grace + ous
10. Stoop + ed
11. Swim + er
12. Will + full
13. Skim + ed
14. Smoke + ing
15. Use + ing

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.