Haryana State Board HBSE 8th Class Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Data Handling Ex 5.2 Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.

## Haryana Board 8th Class Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Data Handling Exercise 5.2

Question 1.

A survey was made to find the I type of music that a certain group of young people liked in a city. Adjoining pie chart shows the findings of this survey.

From this pie chart answer the following:

(i) If 20 people liked classical music, how many young people were surveyed ?

(ii) Which type of music is liked by the maximum number of people ?

(iii) If a cassette company were to make 1000 CD’s, how many of each type would they make ?

Solution:

(i) No. of people liked classical music = 20.

Percentage of people liked classical music = 10%.

This is in direct variation

\(\frac{20}{10}\) = \(\frac{x}{100}\)

⇒ 10x = 20 × 100

⇒ x = \(\frac{2000}{10}\) = 200 people.

Aliter : If 10% = 20 people 20

then 100% = \(\frac{20}{10 \%}\) × 100%

= 200 people.

(ii) Light music.

(iii)No. of semi classical CD’s

= 20% of 1000 = \(\frac{20}{100}\) × 1000 = 200

No. of classical music CD’s

= 10% of 1000 = \(\frac{10}{100}\) × 1000 = 100

No. of Folk music CD’s

= \(\frac{30}{100}\) × 1000 = 300

No. of light music CD’s 40

= \(\frac{40}{100}\) × 1000 = 400.

Question 2.

A group of 360 people were asked to vote for their favourite season from the three seasons rainy, winter and summer.

(i) Which season got the most votes ?

(ii) Find the central angle of each sector.

(iii) Draw a pie chart to show this information.

Solution:

(i) Winter.

(ii) Central angle = \(\frac{Value of Item}{Total value}\) 360°

∴ Central angle for Summer season

= \(\frac{90}{360}\) × 360° = 90°

Central angle for Rainy season

= \(\frac{120}{360}\) × 360° = 120°

and Central angle for Winter season

= \(\frac{150}{360}\) × 360° = 150°

Question 3.

Draw a pie chart showing the following information. The table shows the colours preferred by a group of people.

Find the proportion of each sector. For example, Blue is \(\frac{18}{360}\) = \(\frac{1}{2}\); Green is \(\frac{9}{36}\) = \(\frac{1}{4}\) and so on. Use this to find the corresponding angles.

Solution:

Now, we make the pie chart as-shown below musing protractor, compasses and ruler.

Question 4.

The adjoining pie chart gives the marks scored in an examination by a student in Hindi, English, Mathematics, Social Science and Science. If the total marks obtained by the students were 540, answer the following questions :

(i) In which subject did the student score 105 marks ?

[Hint: For 540 marks, the central angle = 360°. So, for 105 marks, what is the central angle ?]

(ii) How many more marks were obtained by the student in Mathematics than in Hindi ?

(iii) Examine whether the sum of the marks obtained m Social Science and Mathematics is more than that in Science and Hindi.

[Hint: Just study the central angles.]

Solution:

(i) For 540 marks, the central angle = 360°

So, for I mark, the central angle = \(\frac{360^{\circ}}{540}\)

So, for 105 marks, the central angle = \(\frac{360^{\circ}}{540}\) × 108 = 70°

∴ It is obvious, from the pie chart that the student scored 105 marks, in ‘Hindi’ as central angle for ‘Hindi’ is 70°.

(ii) ∵ For 360° marks obtained = 540

∴ For 1° mark obtained = \(\frac{540}{360^{\circ}}\)

For 90° marks obtained = \(\frac{540}{360^{\circ}}\) × 90°

∴ Marks obtained in Mathematics = 135

Marks obtained in Hindi = 105

Difference in marks = 135 – 105 = 30

(iii) Marks obtained in Social Science

= \(\frac{Total marks}{Total central angle}\) × central angle of an Item

= \(\frac{540}{360^{\circ}}\) × 65° = 97.5

Marks obtained in Science

= \(\frac{540}{360^{\circ}}\) × 80° = 120

Marks obtained in (SST + Math)

= 97.5 + 135 = 232.5

Marks obtained in (Science + Hindi)

= 120 + 105 = 225

Alternative method:

Sum of central angles in (SST + Math)

= 65° + 90° = 155°

Sum of central angles in (Science + Hindi)

= 80 + 70 = 150°

So, sum of the marks obtained in SST and Mathematics is more than that in Science and Hindi.

Question 5.

The number of students in a hostel, speaking different languages is given below. Display the data in a pie chart.

Solution:

Now, we make the pie chart as shown below