Haryana State Board HBSE 7th Class Social Science Solutions Geography Chapter 7 Human Environment: Settlement, Transport and Communication Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.
Haryana Board 7th Class Social Science Solutions Geography Chapter 7 Human Environment: Settlement, Transport and Communication
HBSE 7th Class Geography Human Environment: Settlement, Transport and Communication Textbook Questions and Answers
Answer the following questions:
(а) What are the four means of transport?
The four means of transport are :
(b) What do you understand by the term ‘settlement’?
Settlements are places where people build their homes.
(c) Which are the activities practised by human people?
The activities practised by the rural people are farming, fishing, forestry, trading and craftswork.
(d) Mention two merits of railways.
Two merits of railways are:
- The railways carry heavy goods and people over long distances quickly.
- The railway fare is less compared to waterways and airways.
(e) What is mass media?
Mass media is the medium of communicating to large number of people like print media, radio and television.
Tick (√) of the correct answer:
(i) Which is not a mean of communication?
(ii) Which type of road is constructed under the ground?
(b) Express ways
(iii) Which mode of transport is most suitable to reach an island?
(iv) Which vehicle does not pollute the environment?
Match the following :
|(i) Internet||(a) areas where people are engaged in manufacturing trade and services|
|(ii) Canal route||(b) closely built areas of houses|
|(iii) Urban areas||(c) houses on stilts|
|(iv) Compact settlement||(d) Inland waterways|
|(e) a means of communication|
(a) Today’s world is a shrinking.
World is shrinking today because of the various modes of communication which are provided by worldwide information and interaction.
For Fun :
Mention which mode of communi-cation you will prefer most in the following situations.
(a) Your grandfather has suddenly fallen ill. How will you inform the doctor?
(b) Your mother wants to sell the old house. How will she spread this news?
(c) You are going to attend the marriage of your cousin for which you will be absent from the schools for the next days. How will you inform the teacher?
(d) Your friend has moved out with his/her family to New York. How will you keep in touch on a daily base?
HBSE 7th Class Geography Human Environment: Settlement, Transport and Communication Important Questions and Answers
Very Short Answer Type Questions
What is wet point settlement?
The settlement growing around water is known as wet point settlement.
Name the cheapest means of transport.
The cheapest means of transport is waterways.
What is temporary settle-ment?
Settlement which are occupied for a short time are called temporary settlement.
Which means of transport is free from physical barrier?
Air transport is free from physical barrier.
Which transport system is suitable for light and perishable articles?
Road transport system is suitable for light and perishable articles.
Which are the types of human settlement?
Rural and urban settlements are two kinds of human settlement.
Short Answer Type Questions
What are temporary settlements? Who dwell in these settlements and what are their main occupations?
- Settlements which are occupied for a short time are called temporary settlements.
- The people living in deep forests, hot and cold deserts and mountains often dwell in such temporary settlements.
- Their main occupations are hunting, gathering, shiftsing cultivation and transhumance.
Name the various animals used for transport in different parts of the world. .
- In India, donkeys, mules, bullocks and camesl are used.
- In the Andes mountains of South America, Llamas are used.
- In Tibet, yaks are used.
Write four important features of airways.
- Airways is the fastest means of transport.
- It is the most expensive due to high cost of fuel.
- It can reach even the most remote and distant areas, especially where there are no roads and railways.
- Helicopters are extremely useful in most inaccessible areas and in times of calamities for rescuing people and for distributing food, water, clothes and medicines.
Long Answer Type Questions
Distinguish between transport and communication.
|1. The transfer of men and goods from one place to another. Examples: railways, airways and waterways.||1. They convey our views and news from one place to another. Examples: Post and telegraph and telephone service.|
|2. Means of transport : train, but, aeroplane etc.||2. Means of communication : postcard, telephone, television, radio etc.|
|3. Primitive method : Bullock carts etc.||3. No primitive methods. Means of transport were the means of communication.|
|4. They run on petrol, diesel or electric power.||4. They work by electric waves.|
Distinguish between National Highways and State Highways.
|National Highways||State Highways|
|1. They join the state capitals.||1. They join the state capital with big cities with in a state.|
|2. They have been extended upto border countries such as Nepal, Myanmar and Pakistan.||2. They have been extended to national highways.|
|3. They are under the control of Central Public Works Department. (CPWD) and are managed by Central Government.||3. They are under Public Works Department (PWD) and are managed by State Governments.|
|4. They cross through states.||4. They are limited to state boundaries only.|
|5. Total length of National Highways in India is about 52000 km.||5. Total length of state highways in India is about 381,000 km.|
Human Environment: Settlement, Transport and Communication Class 7 HBSE Notes
- Site : The place where a building or a settlement develops.
- Settlements : Places where people build their homes.
- Transport: The means by which people and goods move is called transport.
- Subways : Roads built underground.
- Communication : The process of conveying messages to others.
- Mass Media : The means through which we can communicate with a large number of people.
- Metalled Roads : Pucca roads that can be used in all the weather.
- Unmetalled Roads : Kuchcha roads are out of work during extreme weather.