HBSE 6th Class Social Science Solutions Geography Chapter 4 Maps

Haryana State Board HBSE 6th Class Social Science Solutions Geography Chapter 4 Maps Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.

Haryana Board 6th Class Social Science Solutions Geography Chapter 4 Maps

HBSE 6th Class Geography Maps Textbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Answer the following questions briefly:
(а) What are the three components of a map?
Answer:
The three components of a map are distance, direction, and symbol.

(b) What are the four cardinal directions?
Answer:
The four cardinal directions are:

  • North
  • East
  • South
  • West

(c) What do you mean by the term ‘the scale of the map’?
Answer:
The scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distances show on the map.

HBSE 6th Class Social Science Solutions Geography Chapter 4 Maps

(d) How are maps more useful than a globe?
Answer:
The maps are more useful than a globe because:

  • Maps show more details than a globe.
  • Maps are easier to carry and can be folded and put into pocket.
  • When we want to study only a part of the earth, as about a country or a state; globe can be of little help. Maps can be more useful.
  • Maps are also more useful when information about some specific field is to discussed; e.g., rainfall, forests, industries of that area.

(e) Distinguish between a map and a plan.
Answer:

Map Plan
1. We can study a part of the earth with the help of a map. 1. A plan is a detail of drawing of small areas.
2. Map contains a lot of information. 2. Details are given in the form of symbols.
3. All maps can be put together to make an Atlas. 3. A plan can show the detail of layout of various rooms and spaces.
4. A map shows only the very important features of the area. 4. It can show the length and the breadth.

(f) Which map provides detailed information?
Answer:
A thematic map provides detailed information.

(g) How do symbols help in reading maps?
Answer:
Due to the limitation of space, it is not possible to draw the map with its actual shape and size of different features such as buildings, roads, trees, railway lines or wells. So, they are shown with various symbols. So, symbols give much information and maps can be drawn easily and are simple to read.

HBSE 6th Class Social Science Solutions Geography Chapter 4 Maps

Question 2.
Tick the correct answers:
(a) Maps showing distribution of forests are:
(i) Physical map
(ii) Thematic map
(iii) Political map
Answer:
(ii) Thematic map

(b) The blue colour is used for showing:
(i) Waterbodies
(ii) Mountains
(iii) Plains
Answer:
(i) Waterbodies

(c) A compass is used :
(i) To show symbols
(ii) To find the main direction
(iii) To measure distance
Answer:
(ii) To find the main direction

(d) A scale is necessary:
(i) For a map
(ii) For a sketch
(iii) For a symbols
Answer:
(i) For a map

HBSE 6th Class Geography Maps Important Questions and Answers

Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What are political maps?
Answer:
Maps showing cities, towns and villages, and different countries and states of the world with their boundaries are called political maps.

Question 2.
What are thematic maps?
Answer:
Maps which focus on specific information such as road maps, rainfall maps, mass showing distribution of forests, industries, etc., are known as thematic maps.

HBSE 6th Class Social Science Solutions Geography Chapter 4 Maps

Question 3.
What are cardinal points?
Answer:
Cardinal points are the four directions: North, South, East and West.

Question 4.
What is a compass?
Answer:
Compass is an instrument used to find out main directions.

Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Define scale.
Answer:
Scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map. For example, the distance between your home and school is 10 km; if this distance is shown by 2 cm on a map; it means 1 cm on the map will show 5 km on the ground. The scale of your drawing will be 1 cm = 5 km.

Question 2.
What are the distribution maps and why are they drawn?
Answer:
Those maps which show the distribution of important crops, minerals, industries, forests and population etc., are called distribution maps. They are drawn to show the distribution of commodities and other things on the map where actually they are found or produced.

Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
How are different measures of distances shown on the map? Explain two types of the maps.
Answer:
Maps are drawn to reduce scales. Scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map. For example, the distance between the school and your home is 10 km. If this 10 km distance is shown by 2 cm on a map; it means 1 cm on the map represents 5 km on the ground.

On the basis of scale there can be two type of maps :
Small-scale Maps : When large areas like continents or countries are to be shown on a paper, then we use a small scale. For example 5 cm on the map shows 500 km on the ground. It is called a small-scale map.

Large-scale Maps: When a small area like your village or town is to be shown on a paper, then we use a large scale. That is 5 cm on the map shows 500 meters only on the ground. It is called a large-scale map.

HBSE 6th Class Social Science Solutions Geography Chapter 4 Maps

Maps Class 6 HBSE Notes

  • Map : A representation of the curved surface of the whole earth or part of it on a flat sheet of paper according to the chosen scale.
  • Scale : The relation between the distance on the map and the corresponding distance on the ground.
  • Sketch : A rough drawing showing only some features of an area drawn without using any scale.
  • Plan : A drawing of a very small area showing details drawn using a very large scale.
  • North Line : The vertical line with an arrow at the top marked with ‘N’ indicating the north direction.
  • Conventional symbols : The symbols used to represent various features on maps.
  • Physical Maps : Maps showing natural features of the earth such as mountains, plateaus, plains, rivers, oceans, etc. are called physical maps.
  • Small scale Map: When large areas are shown on a small map, it is called a small scale map.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.