Haryana State Board HBSE 6th Class Social Science Solutions History Chapter 1 What, Where, How and When? Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.
Haryana Board 6th Class Social Science Solutions History Chapter 1 What, Where, How and When?
HBSE 6th Class History What, Where, How and When? Textbook Questions and Answers
Match the following :
|Narmada Valley||The first big Kingdom|
|Magadha||Hunting and gathering|
|Garo Hills||Cities about 2500 years ago|
|Indus and its tributaries||Early agriculture|
|Ganga Valley||The first cities|
|Narmada Valley||Hunting and gathering|
|Magadha||The first big Kingdom|
|Garo Hills||Early agriculture|
|Indus and its tributaries||The first cities tributaries|
|Ganga Valley||Cities about 2500 years ago|
List one major difference between manuscripts and inscriptions.
Manuscripts are the hand written account of contemporary event. These were written by the few learned people of their age in different languages and scripts, while inscriptions are engraved either on a stone surface or on metal or bricks.
Return to Rasheeda’s questions. Can you think of some answers to it ?
One can know what happened so many years ago through :
(c) Old objects recovered from excavations
Make a list of all the objects that archaeologists may find. Which of these could be made of stone ?
Archaeologists study the remains of buildings made of stones and bricks that have
survived, paintings and sculptures. They find tools, weapons, pots, pans, ornaments and coins. The objects which were made of stone were :
Why do you think ordinary men and women did not generally keep records of what they did ?
We think ordinary men and women did not generally keep records of what they did. This is due to following reasons :
(i) They lacked writing potential and historical sense.
(ii) Some of them were not literate even after the knowledge of the script.
(iii) They did not know the importance of keeping records of the events.
Describe at least two ways in which you think the lives of kings would have been different from those of the farmers.
The lives of kings would have been different from those of the farmers in the following two ways :
(i) The kings set-up large kingdoms and lived in big palaces; the farmers used to live in huts or in very small houses.
(ii) The kings kept records of their daily life and victories. The farmers did not keep any such records.
Find the word crafts persons on page 1 (Textbook). List at least live different crafts that you know about today. Are the crafts persons:
(c) both men and women ?
A craft person is a person who is perfect in his occupation. Today, we came to know about different crafts, and craftsmen. Following are the name of some perfect craft persons :
Today both men and women are craft persons, because in the sphere of globalisation each and every one has equal rights to excel well (or to deliver his best).
What were the subjects on which books were written in the past ? Which of these would you like to read ?
In the past a number of books dealt with all kinds of subject were written i.e., religious beliefs and religious practices, medicine, science and the lives of the kings. Except these books, epics, poems and plays were also written.
HBSE 6th Class History What, Where, How And When? Important Questions and Answers
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Who were skilled gatherers ?
Skilled gatherers were people who gathered their foods from one place to another.
Where was rice first grown ?
Rice was first grown to the north of the Vindhyas mountains.
Name the two words which we use for our country.
The two words we use for our country are India and Bharat.
What are tributaries ?
Tributaries are small rivers that mixed into a large river.
Why did people move from place to place ?
People moved from place to place in search of their livelihood also to escape from natural disasters like floods or droughts.
What forms the natural frontiers of the subcontinent ?
Hills, mountains and seas together forms the natural frontiers of the subcontinent.
How did the movements of people enrich our culture traditions ?
People share new techniques of carving stone, composing music, and even cooking food to enrich our cultural traditions.
Why were manuscripts called so ?
Manuscripts were called so because they were written by hand on palm leaf.
Short Answer Type Questions
Who are archaeologist ? What do they do ?
People who study the objects of the past are archaeologists. They study the remains of the buildings, made of stone and brick, as well as paintings and sculptures. They also use tools, weapons, pots, pans, ornaments and coins for further enquiry. They even look for bones of animals, birds and fishes to find out what they ate in the past.
What are the advantages of writing on a hard surface ? What could have been the difficulties ?
The advantages of writing on a hard surface like stone or metal is that it cannot be destroyed by pests. The stones and rocks could be easily handled over long distances. It would have been difficult to write on hard material.
How were the dates counted in the past ?
In the past dates were usually counted from the date which is generally assigned to the birth of Jesus Christ, the founder of Christianity. So if we say 2000 it means 2000 years after the birth of Christ. All dates before the birth of Christ are counted backwards and usually have the letters B.C. (Before Christ) added on.
What are inscriptions ? What did they contain ?
Inscriptions are writings on hard material, such as stone or metal. Sometimes the kings got their orders inscribed, so that people could read and obey them. There were other kind of inscriptions as well, where men and women (including kings and queens).
How does the study of ancient Indian history help us to understand the present ?
The study of ancient Indian history help us to understand the present day problems and find out solution to those problems. We never opted for an autocratic regime. In India, we had ‘democracy’ where the ministers carried out the administration according to the code of rules. We also had monarchies where the kings always remain anxious to promote the welfare of their subjects. From the given extract of Ashoka’s edict the present day ministers or the rulers of the country or province, etc., should learn how Ashoka cared for his subjects.
Long Answer Type Questions
Describe the movements of people from one part of the subcontinent to another.
The movements of people from one part of the subcontinent to another could be discussed under the following heads :
(a) Purpose :
(i) Men and women moved in search of livelihood.
(ii) They moved to escape from natural disasters like floods or droughts.
(iii) Sometimes men marched in armies, conquering others’ lands.
(iv) Merchants travelled with caravans or ships, carrying valuable goods from place to place.
(v) Religious teachers travelled from one place to another giving instructions and advice.
(vi) Some people travelled by a spirit of adventure.
(b) Difficulties encountered:
The journeys of the travellers was made difficult by the hills and high mountains including the Himalayas, deserts, rivers and seas.
How did India’ get so many names ?
(a) Two of the words we generally used for our country are India and Bharat. The word India comes from the Indus called Sindhu in Sanskrit.
(b) The Iranians and the Greeks who came through the northwest about 2500 years ago, were familiar with the Indus, called it the Hindos or the Indos. The land to the east of the river (i.e., the Indus) called India.
(c) The name Bharat was used by a group of people who lived in the northwest, and who are mentioned in Rigveda, the earliest composition in Sanskrit (dated to about 3500 years ago). Later, it was used for the country.
Where did the early cities develop in India ?
About 4700 years ago, some of the earliest cities (Harappa, Mohenjodaro, Lothal, Chun-ho-daro, Rupar, Banwali, Kalibangan, Surkotada, etc.) flourished on the banks of the Indus and its tributaries. And other early cities developed on the banks of the Ganga and its tributaries and along the coasts about 2500 years ago.
Why do we use the word ‘pasts’ (in plural) instead of word ‘past’ (in singular) ?
We use the word ‘pasts’ in plural to draw attention to the fact that the past was different for different groups of people. For example :
- People followed different practices and customs in different parts of the country.
- The lives of herders or farmers was different from those of kings and queens.
Who are archaeologists ? What do they do ?
Archaeologists are the persons who study the objects that were made and used in the past.
- They study the remains of the buildings made of stone and brick, paintings and sculpture.
- They also explore and excavate (dig under the surface of the earth) to find tools, weapons, pots, pans, ornaments and coins.
- Archaeologists study bones of animals, birds and fish to find out what people ate in the past.
What, Where, How and When? Class 6 HBSE Notes
- Manuscript: Hand written account of contemporary event is called Manuscript.
- Inscription : Inscriptions are the writing engraved on stones, rocks and pillars.
- Archaeology: Archaeology is the study of remains of past.
- History: The period for which we have written records is called History.
- Pre-history: The period for which we have no written records is called Pre-history.
- Historian: A person who deals with the study of history is called a Historian.
- Archaeologist: A person who studies the early history and culture of human civilization from their material is known as Archaeologist.
- Script: The form in which a language is written is called the Script.
- Epigraphy: Study of inscriptions is called Epigraphy.